At CITAP, we recognize that effective analysis of technology platforms and information systems requires

  • A holistic approach grounded in history, society, culture, and politics
  • Analyzing how social differences—including race and ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual identity—shapes unequal information ecosystem dynamics
  • Prioritizing questions of power, institutions, and economic, social, cultural, and technological structures
  • Making clear foundational commitments to equality and justice

Common topics found in our work include

  • Political processes: Politics happen online and offline, and technology platforms shape how we think about politics. We study these shifts and what they mean for our public life.
  • Democracy & equality: Digital communication poses threats and offers promises(?) to democracy worldwide. We explore how democratic movements and equality evolve alongside rapid societal and technological change.
  • Mis- & disinformation: False and low-quality information generates revenue and power for its creators while undermining public trust. We seek to understand how such campaigns thrive and how to counter them.
  • Platforms, networks, & infrastructure: Technology platforms are modern forms of infrastructure, and how they're designed and operated influences the operation of power. We research how platforms shape our society.

Research Projects

The Political and Civic Applications Division (PCAD): PCAD develops software to support research into information environments. Its first application, PIEGraph, collects full Twitter feed data from a representative panel of participants, enabling a holistic study of the role of low-quality information in context. Their latest release, PykTok, is a TikTok scraper to capture videos and metadata for research.

Critical Disinformation Studies: The concept of disinformation does not account for vast social, cultural, and political differences in how people distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate forms of persuasion—or the long histories behind strategically false information. The Critical Disinfo Studies project rethinks the assumptions behind disinformation research and expands on what “counts” as disinformation.

CITAP Digital Politics: Tech platforms and digital media have fundamentally changed electoral politics. CITAP Digital Politics publishes resources tracking and analyzing how platform policies, state laws, and ethics shape how campaigns communicate with voters. Recent reports include tracking platform policies on U.S. political speech and state laws governing election misinformation.

Disinformation in Context (DisC): DisC investigates how people come to believe fringe, extremist, and conspiratorial views they encounter online. DisC researchers spend time in fringe internet communities to understand the complexities of “radicalization" and focus on how power and identity shape these communities' beliefs.

The Keyword Integrity and Learning Lab (KWILL): The KWILL team seeks to identify search keywords curated for nefarious purposes and understand how these keywords draw on their target communities’ identities and deep stories. Their work includes efforts to predict keyword curation before data voids are filled and to understand how search keywords are used across different languages and cultural contexts.

Future Journalism: Widespread social media usage has changed the business model and practice of journalism, while threats to democratic governance require new frames for covering politics and providing accountability. The Future Journalism project produces insights and recommendations for navigating these changes.


Research Outputs

A Review and Provocation: On Polarization and Platforms

April 20, 2023
Polarization is the necessary byproduct of the struggle to realize democracy in unequal societies

#Politicalcommunicationsowhite: Race and Politics in Nine Communication Journals, 1991-2021

April 6, 2023
Understanding communication requires accounting for social and cultural difference, especially race and ethnicity

“Too Soon” to Count? How Gender and Race Cloud Notability Considerations on Wikipedia

March 29, 2023
Wikipedia’s editors are more likely to consider you “notable” if you’re a white man

Digital Trace Data Collection for Social Media Effects Research: APIs, Data Donation, and (Screen) Tracking

March 7, 2023
Digital trace data can change the study of misinformation, algorithmic bias, and well-being

Inequities of Race, Place, and Gender Among the Communication Citation Elite, 2000–2019

February 17, 2023
Who are you citing? In communication studies, the most cited authors are skewed even more white and male than previously thought

Libraries Comabating Disinformation: From the Front Line to the Long Game

January 1, 2023
The strategies you teach about search engine literacy might be out of date

Privacy Without Power: What Privacy Research Can Learn from Surveillance Studies

December 7, 2022
You can’t understand privacy without understanding power

The Institutional Capture of Abolitionist Dissent: Ending Genres of Police Science

November 11, 2022
Research can reproduce racial violence; here’s how not to do that

Resisting Bureaucracies: Reflections on Community Engagement and Digital Technology

November 2, 2022
Community-based research can be tricky; this piece offers practical recommendations for a complicated process

Disinformation as Political Communication

October 7, 2022
The time of “fake news” is over; “disinformation” has taken its place